IS MY PIECE EFFECTIVE?
- Is your speech effective?: Does the speech have any inspiration or purpose to make the audience react?
- What gestures do you plan to use as you perform to help the audience better visualize what you're saying?
- Remember to speak up so everyone can hear what you say.
Students should research the topic they would like to make a speech about. They should work on the introduction, body, and conclusion of their speech. Then they should memorize it.
Is your speech humorous? or serious?
Practice different character voices and stances and memorize lines.
WHERE CAN I FIND MY SPEECH?
ARTstor is a web-based tool which allows one to search for, view, and present high quality images of art, architecture and design and many other disciplines in the humanities.
Timeline of Events
|1418||The Council of Constance ends the Great Schism.|
|1420||Florentine artist Massaccio is the first to use linear perspective in painting.|
|1420||Filippo Brunelleschi begins work on the dome of the Florence Cathedral.|
|1421||Sultan Mehmed II restores the Ottoman Empire.|
|1423||Italian educator Vittorino da Feltre establishes a humanist school.|
|1440||Italian scholar Lorenzo Valla questions the legitimacy of the pope.|
|1450||Francesco I Sforza starts an eighty-year dynasty in Milan.|
|1451||Italian scholar Isotta Nogarola writes "On the Equal and Unequal Sin of Eve and Adam," which is considered the first piece of feminist writing.|
|1453||Constantinople falls to the Ottoman Turks.|
|1454||German printer Johannes Gutenberg perfects movable type.|
|1455||The houses of York and Lancaster begin the War of the Roses in England.|
|1458||Margaret of Navarre's Heptaméron is published and becomes an important work of the Renaissance period.|
|1461||Wanting to be separate from the continents of Asia and Africa, and thus the Muslims, Pope Pius II introduces the idea of Europe as separate continent.|
|1469||Italian merchant Lorenzo de' Medici takes control of Florence and becomes famous for his contributions to countless artists.|
|1474||Catholic monarchs Ferdinand II and Isabella I begin the Spanish Inquisition to enforce Christianity as the sole religion of Spain.|
|1485||The War of Roses ends and the Tudor dynasty begins in England|
|1490s||German artist Albrecht Dürer raises woodcut to the level of high art.|
|1492||Ferdinand II and Isabella I issue the Edict of Expulsion, ordering all Jews to leave Spain.|
|1492||Italian navigator Christopher Columbus makes his first voyage to the New World.|
|1494||Pope Alexander VI issues the Treaty of Tordesillas that gives Portugal authority over Brazil.|
|1494||Italian preacher Girolamo Savonarola influences a new pro-French government in Florence.|
|1494||King Charles VIII of France invades Italy, initiating the Italian Wars with Spain.|
|1495||Italian painter Leonardo da Vinci begins The Last Supper, in which he experimented with oil-based paint, which is more easily blended.|
|1495||Alexander VI organizes the Holy League, an alliance between the Papal States, the Holy Roman Empire, Spain, Venice, and Milan against France.|
|1497||Italian navigator John Cabot begins his search for the Northwest Passage, a water route to the Indies.|
|1498||Girolamo Savonarola is executed for heresy, or the violation of church laws.|
|1498||Italian sculptor Michelangelo starts the Pietà, his first important commission.|
|1498||Albrecht Dürer introduces humanism, a human-centered intellectual movement based on the revival of classical culture, into northern European art.|
|c. 1500||The Querelle des femmes movement begins. It refers to the literary debate over the nature and status of women.|
|c. 1500||Germany replaces Italy as the center of European banking.|
|1503||Leonardo begins work on the Mona Lisa, one of the most famous portraits in the Western world.|
|1511||Italian artist Raphael paints School of Athens, considered to be one of his greatest achievements.|
|1512||Michelangelo completes the decoration of the Sistine Chapel ceiling at the Vatican in Rome.|
|1513||Italian diplomat Niccolò Machiavelli writes The Prince, in which he proclaimed his controversial political philosophy.|
|1516||Dutch humanist Desiderius Erasmus publishes Praise of Folly, a satire of the Roman Catholic Church and its clergy. That same year Erasmus published his translation of the New Testament of the Bible, the first published Greek text.|
|1516||English humanist Thomas More publishes his greatest work Utopia. Modeled on Plato's Republic, Utopia describes an imaginary land that is free of grand displays of wealth, greed, and violence.|
MAP OF THE RENAISSANCE c 1494
The States of Italy during the Renaissance, c.1494
3-BIG STEPS TO ORATORY
As a student in the Sixth Grade, you will participate in the oratory program as a component of your Renaissance project. This portion of the project provides opportunities to widen your reading base, to explore good literature from this time period in depth, to broaden your perspective on literary works, and to choose and share a piece of literature that you enjoy. You will present a memorized work to your class, and bring this work alive for your classmates and yourself.
The following guidelines will help you to choose your piece.
· Selections should be around 1-2 minutes in length.
· All pieces MUST be approved by your teacher (Mrs. Aguiar and Mrs. Jones)
· Selections must be memorized.
· You need to have an introduction which includes the title and author of the piece, and enough background/explanation so that the audience will understand your selection. You may also want to explain why you chose your piece.
· Pieces must be appropriate to your age level; they must be advanced enough to be a challenge.
· Literary merit is a criterion for scoring. Nevertheless, it is important to find something that resonates with you, that you enjoy, that you will bring to life. Your teacher can provide guidance on how to balance these concerns.
You need to make a copy of your piece for your teacher to read and approve, and to keep on file.
·You will present your piece without the use of costumes, props, or makeup. Thank you, Mrs. Jones
Remember: THE BEST WAY
1. Introduction: The best way to deliver an oratory is to grab the audience's attention and make them want to listen to your message. Use startling facts, questions, jokes.
2. Body of the Oration: Award-winning oration often includes both facts and humor.
3. Conclusion: Go over the main points of the speech and make it memorable for the audience. Speak slowly, clearly, and loud enough so your audience can hear you all the way in the last row.
What is? GILDED GESSO
Look at the gilded gesso on early renaissance devotional pictures, like this saint from the predella of a 1450’s altarpiece in Perugia, the name and halo punched in.
Gesso, ( Italian: “gypsum” or “chalk”) fluid white coating, composed of plaster of paris, chalk, gypsum, or other whiting mixed with glue, applied to smooth surfaces such as wood panels, plaster, stone, or canvas to provide the ground for tempera and oil painting or for gilding and painting carved furniture and picture frames. In medieval and Renaissance tempera painting, the surface was covered first with a layer of gesso grosso (rough gesso) made with coarse unslaked plaster, then with a series of layers of gesso sottile (finishing gesso) made with fine plaster slaked in water, which produced an opaque, white, reflective surface.
In the 14th century, Giotto, the notable Italian painter, used a finishing gesso of parchment glue and slaked plaster of paris. In medieval tempera painting, background areas intended for gilding were built up into low relief with gesso duro (hard gesso), a less absorbent composition also used for frame moldings, with patterns often pressed into the gesso with small carved woodblocks. Modern gesso is made of chalk mixed with glue obtained from the skins of rabbits or calves.
ORATORY BOOKS AS REFERENCE -Search the Online Catalog
Nicholas Copernicus (1473- 1543) A renaissance mathematician and astronomer who formulated a heliocentric view of the universe. His teaching that the earth revolved around the sun placed him in opposition to the established teachings of the church. He was also an astronomer, physician, economist, diplomat, classics scholar and jurist.
Galileo (1564 – 1642) Creating one of the first modern telescopes, Galileo revolutionised our understanding of the world supporting the work of Copernicus. His work Two New Sciences laid ground work for the science of Kinetics and strength of materials.
Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) German scientist who played a key role in the 17th Century scientific revolution. He created the laws of planetary motion, which influenced Sir Isaac Newton’s theory of gravitation.
POLITICAL THINKERS OF THE RENAISSANCE
Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) Machiavelli was an Italian writer, historian, diplomat and humanist. Moving in political circles, he created a new branch of political science based on humanist principles. His greatest work, The Prince is an expose of political machinations.
Thomas More (1478-1535) More was an English statesman who wrote an ideal political system, Utopia. He was considered a social philosopher and Renaissance humanist. He was executed for refusing to accept Henry VII as head of the Church of England.
GREAT THINKERS OF THE RENAISSANCE
Theology and Philosophy
Martin Luther (1483-1546) Leader of the Protestant reformation. Martin Luther wrote 95 thesis attacking the church, such as criticising the belief sin could be mitigated by paying money to the church. Martin Luther was ex-communicated from the Catholic church and was a key figure in the new Protestant religion.
Erasmus (1466-1536) Erasmus was a Catholic theologian who has also been called the ‘Prince of the humanists’. He was willing to raise questions about the teachings of the church and not relying on blind dogma. He was critical of the abuses of the church and advocated reform from within the church. He was an early advocate of religious tolerance and advocated a middle path between the Catholic and Protestant movements.